Recently, there are no medications approved by FDA to treat fibromyalgia. However, there are few medicines are available for treating this disease.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are very useful to reduce the symptoms of fibromyalgia. These medications include:
NSAIDs play a very important role to reduce the inflammation and pain. These medicines are available over-the-counter and may help to remove the muscle aches of fibromyalgia. They may also relieve the headaches and menstrual cramps which are developed with fibromyalgia.
Analgesics are used to relieve pain. These drugs are available over-the-counter such as acetaminophen to prescription medicines like narcotic and tramadol drugs. Narcotic medications are recommended for severe muscle pain for people with fibromyalgia.
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Antidepressants are also recommended by the health care providers to treat the disease. Antidepressants such as norepinephrine and serotonin elevate the levels of certain chemicals in the brain. The low levels of certain chemicals are developed pain, depression and fatigue. And increase in the levels of these chemicals may reduce pain in patients. There are several types of antidepressants available, which are prescribed by the health care providers to treat fibromyalgia.
Tricyclic antidepressants are recommended by the doctor to promote restorative sleep in patients. The following are used to reduce the symptoms of fibromyalgia:
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
If a tricycles antidepressants are not effective to bring relief, a new type of antidepressant which is known as Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, are prescribed by the doctor to treat the disease. In lower dosages of these medicines are preferred by the doctor to reduce the depression in people with fibromyalgia. These medicines are also reduced the fatigue and other symptoms of fibromyalgia. It can be used single or along with tricycles antidepressant. These medications include:
Benzodiazepines are also recommended by the health care providers to treat the disease. It may help patients by painful muscles, stabilizing the erratic brain waves and relaxing tense that can interfere with deep sleep. If other therapies are not given good response, doctor prescribes benzodiazepines, these medications include:
Other medications to treat fibromyalgia
In some cases, other medications are recommended by the doctors. It depends on signs and symptoms of fibromyalgia. Other medications include:
- Alosetron and tegaserod are used to treat the irritable bowel syndrome.
- Sodium oxybate