First Signs of Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis (MS) occurs due to multiple hardened tissue changes in the nervous system. Many symptoms, such as loss of vision in the eye, numbness or weakness in the arms and legs, dizziness, fatigue, urinary incontinence, are signs of Multiple Sclerosis.
As a result of the triggering of the immune system for an unknown reason, it is manifested by multiple tissue changes called ‘plaques’ in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) or eye nerve. Different neurological symptoms also develop depending on the placement of these plaques. The symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis appear as temporary episodes in the early stages of the disorder, while some symptoms, such as vision loss, balance or walking disorders, and speech disorders, may settle permanently in the following years when treatment is late. For this reason, it is very important to recognize the symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis well and to consult a doctor promptly.
If The Symptoms Last 24 Hours, Be Careful!
Multiple Sclerosis is one of the most common neurological disorders in young adults. It mostly occurs in the 20 to 40 age range. It is rare before the age of 15 and after the age of 60. It is 2-3 times more common in women than in men. But the reason for this difference is unknown. The exact cause of Multiple Sclerosis isn’t yet known. Although environmental, viral, and genetic factors have been investigated, the exact cause hasn’t been clarified!
However, there is research that shows that smoking and obesity are risk factors for this problem.
Attacks Can Cause Permanent Damage
Symptoms that develop in attacks are completely associated with the places of occurrence of plaques in the nervous system. The frequency and symptoms of attacks vary from person to person. Even attacks seen in the same person may not be similar. In the initial stages of the disorder, there are no traces left after the attacks, while about half of people can become permanent after 10 years, such as vision loss, walking, and balance disorders, and speech difficulties in the attacks. For this reason, you should definitely not interrupt the treatment. Drug changes in people who cannot get used to treatment can facilitate a person’s adaptation.
Treatment Greatly Prevents The Progression of Multiple Sclerosis
Although there is no definitive treatment for Multiple Sclerosis, the progression of the disease can be prevented with early diagnosis and treatment. Currently, a diagnosis can be made even after a single attack, and treatment can be started before permanent symptoms settle. Treatment aims to reduce the frequency of attacks and the severity of the disorder and to prevent permanent damage. People are given vaccine treatments and pill treatments that regulate the immune system. Also, cortisone treatments are given that suppress the immune system during an attack. Treatments can also last for life, depending on the course of the ailment. In recent years, as there has been an increase in the number and type of vaccine treatments in the form of needles (different treatments are available daily, several days a week, one day a week), oral pill treatments have also come into use. Thanks to these advances in treatment, patients whose quality of life has improved can usually continue their daily lives without problems.