The spine consists of bony vertebrae. Between each vertebra are soft-based structures known as discs. When a disc herniation occurs, the inner part of the disc starts to protrude towards the spinal canal region. By printing this limit is primarily the leg, neck, arm, and back can lead to pain. Here percutaneous discectomy is the process of removing a part of a herniated disc that can irritate a nerve. Immediately after this procedure, the pain quickly decreases.
When is Percutaneous Discectomy Preferred?
Percutaneous discectomy is a very effective non-surgical treatment procedure for some neck and back pain. Your spine consists of vertebrae that are completely stacked on top of each other. Intervertebral discs are located between each vertebra. These discs are liquid-filled soft substances that greatly facilitate movement and allow the spine to move comfortably. On the other hand, facet joints connect all the vertebrae, various tendons and ligaments further stabilize the spine. To connect to the skull, the spinal cord passes through the entire anatomy at the bottom of the spine, from the middle of the spine down to the area. When all parts of the spine are healthy, there will be a supporting structure. But pain occurs when it is unhealthy.
Back and neck pain can go into remission painlessly in processes where symptoms are minimal. But the pains typically return, causing chronic pain syndrome. Early treatments significantly reduce your chances of developing chronic pain. The percutaneous discectomy procedure is typically preferred when the pains persist for more than a month. Percutaneous discectomy reduces pain by weakening the pressures on the spinal cord and related nerves.
Percutaneous discectomy treatment removes disc material to relieve pressure and pain on the nerves. This procedure is preferred for degenerative disc disease in general. Percutaneous discectomy is also preferred for herniated disc, spinal stenosis, and osteoporosis problems. Also, this procedure can help with many conditions that lead to degeneration in the intervertebral discs.
How is Percutaneous Discectomy Performed?
Percutaneous discectomy is a minimally invasive treatment that gives good results in many patients. The procedure takes approximately 30 to 45 minutes. Percutaneous discectomy is performed with a disposable probe called the stryker decompressor, which is placed by X-ray. The doctor uses a local anesthetic in the area where the injection will be performed. A large needle is placed on the hard disk under X-ray guidance when the area to be treated is sufficiently numb. The doctor passes the probe through this needle. This procedure uses a pump method to remove excess disc parts in herniated discs. In this way, the pressure in the disk is significantly reduced to reduce pain. A slight level of pressure may be felt in this part of the process.
Research has shown that the percutaneous discectomy procedure successfully increases body function in an average of up to 90% of patients while reducing pain and Drug requirements. Since no bones or novices are cut during the procedure, the healing process is relatively fast, and the scar is minimized. Most patients can return home after treatment and resume their normal daily activities and work within a few days. Also, studies have shown that the complication rate with percutaneous discectomy is much lower than with open surgical discectomy.
How Long Does A Percutaneous Discectomy Take?
Percutaneous discectomy is performed by local anesthesia method, avoiding the risks of general anesthesia completely. Treatment is carried out in a clinical setting and lasts from 30 to 45 minutes.
Percutaneous Discectomy Advantages
- The percutaneous discectomy procedure is a treatment with a shallow risk for back and neck pain. This procedure can significantly reduce possible pain, increase mobility, and eliminate the need for traditional surgical methods. This procedure is designed to repair the underlying problem rather than treat the symptoms. The process is very little invasive and causes far less fibrosis and scarring than other operations.
- Of course, as with all surgical operations, there can always be a risk of complications in this procedure. The most common complication is mild pain in the application area, which can occur shortly after treatment.
What To Consider After Percutaneous Discectomy
The injection area can become painful or uncomfortable after the procedure. But this side effect disappears within 24 to 40 hours. Cold or hot compresses can resolve this issue. In addition, the doctor may recommend pain medications for the first days. A week after percutaneous discectomy, you can return to your daily activities.
As a result, patients with a herniated disc who don’t respond in any way to conservative treatments can benefit from percutaneous discectomy as an alternative to more minimally invasive surgery. Patients who have osteoporosis and other degenerative disc problems may also find great relief with this procedure.